Regulatory Oversight in China


Convention on Nuclear Safety
Photo: IAEA

Safety is the top priority in the development and use of nuclear energy. All nuclear operators are being regulated under their national governance frameworks. Regulatory bodies have been established to supervise the safe performance of all nuclear operators in their countries through licensing systems. Though the governance structure and regulations vary from country to country, their common objective is to ensure nuclear safety.

Collaboration among countries is also essential to achieve global nuclear safety. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) serves as the world’s centre for scientific and technical cooperation in the nuclear field. Its member states are obligated to observe various international legally binding instruments which are designed to promote high level safety and security worldwide.

Since 1986, five conventions were ratified in the areas of Nuclear, Radiation, Transport and Waste Safety:

Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency
Convention on Nuclear Safety
Convention on Physical Protection of Nuclear Material
Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident
Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management