Common Concerns

The National Diet of Japan Fukushima Nuclear Accident Independent Investigation Commission
The Fukushima Report
Post-Fukushima Nuclear Safety Review in China

The devastating Fukushima accident of 2011 focused minds worldwide on the need for nuclear-industry safety. Vital lessons from the incident are being applied to ensure a safer tomorrow in the industry. Greater international cooperation in nuclear safety is being promoted with consideration given to strengthening the role of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Also, action plans are being developed for improved safety designs at nuclear power facilities that will enable them to withstand multiple natural disasters.

Improvements are being made afterwards to safety equipment at the nuclear power stations and emergency response capability to meet severe events, by having more robust plant safety equipment, mobile safety equipment at nuclear plant sites, and regional emergency support, to be completed in a few years.

At the same time, the Japanese National Diet promulgated the “Act regarding Fukushima Nuclear Accident Independent Investigation Commission” in October 2011 to create an independent commission to investigate the accident, derive key learning points and provide recommendations. Its findings were published in a report in July 2012 with some key learning points not only for Japan, but also for the nuclear industry.

The accident was a "manmade" disaster
The disaster was “made in Japan”
Root causes were the organisational and regulatory systems that supported faulty rationales for decisions and actions
The crisis management system of the Prime Minister's Office, the regulators and other responsible agencies did not function correctly
The boundaries defining the roles and responsibilities of the parties involved were problematic, due to their ambiguity
In order to prevent future disasters, fundamental reforms must take place

Japan has been making safety improvements and provided more independence to her nuclear safety regulator to address the learning points and recommendations of the report. More lessons and improvement measures for the worldwide nuclear industry are expected to come from the Fukushima accident in the next few years.