Nuclear Fission

Nuclear energy is the heat released by a fission process of the Uranium atom. The most common type of Uranium used for nuclear power generation is Uranium 235 (U235). Uranium is a heavy, silvery gray metal that is slightly softer than steel. It has the largest atomic nucleus among natural elements and occurs naturally in low concentrations (0.1% - 2%). Around 30% of the world's Uranium reserve is found in Australia, other known reserves are found in Kazakhstan, Canada, Russia, etc.

What Are Atoms?

All materials are made up of tiny particles called atoms. At the centre of an atom is a nucleus consisting of uncharged neutrons and positively-charged protons. The nucleus accounts for virtually the whole mass of the atom. Revolving round the nucleus are negatively charged electrons.